I remember having trouble learning the articles, I know it now, so I want to help you learn them too :
Definite: (I want that one)
Le, La, Les, L’ = “THE”
Les = Plural
Le = Masculin (male)
La = Feminin (female)
L’ = (Comes before a vowel or a silent “H”)
Sometimes when a word ends with an “E” it is feminin, sometimes a word is acceptable to start it with “Le”, if a word does not end with an “E”, then it is masculin.
VOWELS : A, E, I, O, U or an H, if a word begins with one of these letters you start the word with L’.
Indefinite (I want any)
Un, Une, Des = “A”
Un = Masculin
Une = Feminin
Des = Plural (Plural = more than one.)
When there is a word that ends with an “E”, it is most likely to have an “une” in front of it, for example : Une table (a table). But this does not work all the time, some words are feminin without an “E” at the end, but you can use larousse.fr to help you.
If a word is masculin, you have to spell “un” in front of it. Again, you can use larousse.fr to help you.
Remember, if a word is plural, you must put “des” in front of it because it is more than one thing.
Partitive (I want any)
De l’, Des, Du, De la = Some
( When you use Partitive articles, you are saying you want something but not saying how much you want. )
De l’ (before a vowel or a silent H)
Des (before a plural noun)
Du (before a masculin noun)
De la (before a feminin noun)
Au, A la, A l’, Aux = To the\ In the \ At the
Au ( Masculin )
A la ( Feminin )
A l’ ( Comes before a vowel or a silent “H”)
Aux ( Plural )